The use of lasers in the field of beauty has truly revolutionized the field of non-surgical rejuvenation. The painful recovery period after plastic surgery is long forgotten, and Botox injections, which turn the face into a fixed mask, are a thing of the past. Women have the opportunity to stay youthful with the help of non-invasive and painless surgery. Beauty still requires sacrifices, but this time they will be purely for economics.
What is Laser Skin Rejuvenation
The skin of the face is probably the most vulnerable to adverse environmental effects. Atmospheric factors, poor ecology in big cities, and poor food quality are external "destroyers". Also, the human face is not a dramatic mask, it is "alive". A person speaks, eats, laughs, weeps, grieves, and usually lives emotionally. This cannot but affect the skin: it is covered with simulated wrinkles.
Age-related changes manifest as a gradual loss of elasticity and self-healing ability: blurred facial contours, drooping eyelids, formation of nasolabial folds, and drooping corners of the mouth. An ugly photo, isn't it? But it can be "rewritten" with laser skin rejuvenation. How do 'magic' rays work on aging skin?
In cosmetology, several types of lasers are used, each of which has a role in correcting age-related changes. In fact, this is a general or point effect on different layers of the skin. Laser skin rejuvenation uses its own wavelength, color spectrum and power for different purposes. Waves can be constant and pulsating.
Precisely calibrated damage (laser coagulation) occurs in the tissue due to selective thermal exposure. In response, the body triggers intensive cellular repair mechanisms. In fact, after losing the old cells, he "grew" young, healthy cells.
Exposure to deep layers during laser rejuvenation can cause burns, where connective tissue grows from collagen fibers that act as the skeleton of the skin and restore its elasticity.
Effects, advantages and disadvantages of laser skin rejuvenation
Compared to other methods, laser rejuvenation has an indisputable advantage: the results are visible after the first surgery. This is important because it can convince women that they are on the right path. Revival classes make you look 5-10 years younger.
Advantages of this method:
- Instead of complex plastic surgery,
- Activates the process of skin self-renewal, stimulating not only external rejuvenation, but also deep positive processes,
- minimal pain,
- The recovery period is short.
There are fewer disadvantages than advantages, but they are:
- The rejuvenating effect lasts only a few years: from 3 to 5 years, depending on individual characteristics,
- The laser only treats fine and medium wrinkles,
- Procedures are expensive.
In the cosmetic world, laser rejuvenation is considered one of the safest ways to affect the skin, with few complications when done correctly.
Types of Laser Skin Rejuvenation
Aesthetics takes full advantage of lasers for rejuvenation and offers a variety of procedures. In general, they are all divided into two categories based on the degree of impact:
- non-ablative, i. e. does not damage the skin,
- Ablation, damage to the skin.
There are some types of procedures when the skin is only partially damaged.
The term "ablation" refers to the destruction of tissue by radiation, which occurs during laser resurfacing. This is the most painful surgery ever performed with a laser.
During laser treatment of the skin, the superficial layers are continuously evaporated, leaving an open bleeding surface. Surgery is performed under local anesthesia. As a result, patients receive:
- complete reorganization of the upper layers of the skin,
- remove scars and scars,
- Smooths wrinkles, some even deep ones,
- Face lift.
Grinding is performed using erbium and carbon dioxide (CO2) lasers. It has obvious disadvantages:
- infection risk,
- Possible pigmentation disorder.
Unlike grinding, damage during partial pyrolysis is not complete. With the help of laser pulses, microscopic incisions are made in the skin at well-defined locations. Only 15% of the treated surface was damaged. Erbium and carbon dioxide lasers are also used for pyrolysis.
Partial pyrolysis leaves no bleeding wounds, but its application is no less effective than resurfacing: it tightens sagging skin and provides even relief. Pyrolysis is used for patients with thin skin and for eyelid correction. Fraxel, also known as partial pyrolysis, is effective in removing age spots.
Another type of partial exposure is photothermal action, which cosmetologists call the "gold standard" of laser rejuvenation. DOT technology is a point effect with a light beam that heats the skin up to 40°C. At the same time, the tissue surrounding these points also changes.
Photothermal therapy is considered a complete replacement for blepharoplasty: a safe and effective eyelid lift occurs.
Deep Laser Thermal Lift IPL
Lasers, along with other hardware technologies, have been used successfully for deep facelifts. The beam penetrates deep into the skin and heats the tissue with a given power. Their controlled damage triggers a response that increases collagen and elastin production. On the surface, this manifests as firmer skin and a defined facial contour.
Thermal boost is used for:
- cheekbones, cheeks and chin lift,
- Eliminates puffiness around the eyes (at the same time eliminates dark circles),
- Align the nasolacrimal trough and fight fine lines around the eyes,
- Smooths the nasolabial folds.
Thermal lift refers to a non-ablative exposure method.
3D skin rejuvenation is a modern laser exposure method that consists of three stages:
- Beauticians correct all visible imperfections: scars, hyperpigmentation, enlarged pores, circles around the eyes.
- Thermally boost the problem area.
- Smooth your skin with a gentle laser resurfacing.
To achieve the desired results, one session of 3D Rejuvenation is usually sufficient.
4D skin rejuvenation is a laser surgery performed on a special FOTONA device that includes erbium and neodymium lasers. Their combination has an effect on both the superficial and deep layers of the skin. 4D Rejuvenation is a patented technology consisting of 4 stages:
- SmoothLiftin is an effect that works through the mouth to the inside of the cheeks. As a result, they are tightened due to the remodeling of collagen fibers, the healing of internal wounds and the correction of facial contours. The effects are similar to filler injections, but last longer.
- FRAC3 - Treats facial surfaces to eliminate visible imperfections: hyperpigmentation and scarring. Result: smooth skin relief and color, increase tone, eliminate vascular network.
- PIANO - Deep action of heat to stimulate the metabolic processes of the skin. In fact, this is deep laser thermal boosting.
- SupErFicia is a repairing treatment that brings ultimate smoothness, matte finish and tightens pores to the skin.
All four stages take place in one session and take about an hour and a half. The method is suitable for a wide age range: from 27 to 67 years old.
Laser carbon lift-off
Carbon peeling with a laser is one of the gentlest procedures of its kind. Its task is to cleanse the dead skin on the face and start the process of cell regeneration. It combines the action of a laser beam and a special carbon gel applied to the face. How peeling works:
- Carbon nanogel sticks dead scales together, removes excess fat from the skin and sebum plugs that clog pores,
- A brief laser flash vaporizes the gel, breaking it down into two components: carbon dioxide and water. At this moment, the pores of the skin are freed from their contents, "throwing" all the "dirt" to the surface. The process can be likened to a micro-explosion.
- The further action of the laser, due to the stimulation of collagen synthesis, occurs in the deeper layers of the skin.
Carbonated gel also has an antibacterial effect on the skin. It prevents the development of infection and kills existing pathogenic microorganisms. In addition, it restores the skin's water and pH balance.
Bioactivation is a term well-known to salon regulars. It usually involves injecting hyaluronic acid into the skin. A laser version of the procedure is also effective, but less painful, and is a non-invasive method of rejuvenation.
Hyaluronic acid is a substance that our skin starts to be severely deficient in after 30 years. In many ways, skin aging is due to its low levels in the body. Creams containing hyaluronic acid have a temporary effect that lasts only for the duration of makeup application.
Laser bioactivation allows hyaluronic acid molecules to penetrate deep into the skin, attracting and retaining moisture, while stimulating collagen and elastin synthesis. The gel used for bioregeneration contains, in addition to the acid itself, a substance that inhibits the activity of enzymes that destroy it when it enters the body.
During this procedure, a gel with low molecular weight hyaluronic acid is applied to the skin, which is then treated with a laser with a special nozzle. The effect of the program:
- Skin is moisturised and firmed,
- Fine wrinkles are smoothed out,
- The contours of the face are tightened,
- Reduce puffiness and hyperpigmentation under the eyes,
- Even skin tone.
Laser bioregeneration is used to prepare the skin for more serious cosmetic procedures: chemical peels, plastic surgery, etc.
Indications and contraindications
Laser rejuvenation is for anyone who is starting to fade or has visible skin imperfections:
- Wrinkles of different origins,
- dull complexion
- Gravity sags,
- The oval shape of the face is blurred,
- cicatricial skin defects,
- Impaired pigmentation
- Puffiness under the eyes.
Some laser treatments can even be performed on teens to remove the effects of acne. Generally speaking, the aging mechanism in humans begins around the age of 25. But for everyone, it goes at its own pace due to many factors.
Today, beauticians urge that when deciding to use laser rejuvenation, focus less on age and more on the condition and needs of your skin.
Like any external effect on the body, laser rejuvenation has many contraindications. They can be absolute and temporary. Medical contraindications are absolute:
- tumor process,
- skin disease
- blood disease,
- Infectious and viral diseases,
- psychological bias,
- Heart and Vascular Disease.
Temporary contraindications include:
- Herpes on the affected area,
- pregnancy and breastfeeding,
- fresh tan,
- Recent chemical peels.
Preparing the procedure and following skin care
No special preparation is required for laser rejuvenation, but beauticians give some advice that should not be done 2-3 days before the procedure:
- make up,
- bask in the sun,
- Do a facial cleanse.
Typically, a session of partial pyrolysis (the most common type of laser skin rejuvenation) lasts about an hour. Once done, apply a protective regeneration cream to the face. Additionally, patients receive skin care reminders during recovery.
After surgery, you will feel a burning sensation in your skin for 1-2 hours. The redness will disappear after about 1-3 days.
Advice after laser rejuvenation:
- For early healing, an ointment containing dexpanthenol and antibacterial ingredients is recommended to prevent infection,
- After the redness has passed, you can use a cream with hyaluronic acid,
- No matter what season, when you go out, you need to apply sunscreen on your face,
- It's best to postpone water activities in the form of swimming pools or saunas for a while, and you can wash and shower on the day of surgery.
After a competently performed laser rejuvenation procedure, there are few negative consequences. If swelling lasts longer than expected, it can be reduced by reducing fluid intake and using a hyaluronic acid mask.
Itching and rash may indicate an allergy or individual intolerance to the ingredients of the drugs or products used during the procedure. This manifestation can also be observed in young adults with vascular dystonia.
Consequences may be small scars or a prominent vascular network. There's nothing you can do about them, but over time they'll become barely noticeable. The standard recovery period is 14 days. If the skin does not recover during this time, the skin can be helped with vitamins, diet, and sun protection.
As with any hardware cosmetic procedure, laser rejuvenation should be treated with caution: given contraindications and affordability (procedures can be very expensive). Despite conflicting reviews, cosmetologists believe laser technology is the future of the beauty industry.